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Sounds of North:
Two Centuries of Canadian Piano Music
GAL-108
Sounds of North

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Sounds of North: Two Centuries of Canadian Piano

A milestone in Canadian piano music!

These four CDs present piano music written in Canada over a period of 200 years. Never before has such a project been undertaken.  Most piano compositions written before 1940 and presented here have been published in the three piano volumes, 1 (1983), 6 (1986), and volume 22 (1998) produced by the Canadian Musical Heritage Society (CMH). Accordingly in the track listing, pieces appearing in one of those volumes are identified with the appropriate volume number and page number.
           
Because of the chronological spread represented by these compositions, it may be possible to trace elements of the collective myth, Canada-As-North.  In 1971, Northrop Frye stated in The Bush Garden:  "Identity is local and regional, rooted in the imagination and in the works of culture."  R. Murray Schafer stated in a 1988 interview: "I'm shaped by the Canadian climate and ecology." Sophie Bouffard has examined contemporary Canadian solo vocal music to articulate how composers represent north, coldness, isolation, and space, the main elements of the myth, Canada-As-North, as articulated by Canadian writers, visual artists, and in the later twentieth century, the observations of musicians such as Glenn Gould, Schafer, and Christos Hatzis. Bouffard's study revealed musical characteristics of minimalism in the number of pitches used as composers often concentrated on a small four- or five-note figure. Whole tone scale passages appeared quite often. The scoring often could be very sparse and spread out.  There were frequent chains of perfect fourths, or fifths to suggest a cold and static atmosphere. Often special sound effects would be requested to produce a crystalline and icy sound. Might some of these procedures appear in pre-1970 Canadian piano compositions?

Acheter

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*Over 90 Canadian compositions for the first time ever on record

CD 1: From 1807 to Ragtime

1. General Craig's March (1807) F. Glackemeyer (1759-1836) 1:34
2. Canadian Dance (1817?) George Pfeiffer (ca. 1790-18??) 3:11
3. Waltz for the Literary Garland (1838) W.H. Warren (d. 1856) 1:01
4. The Burlington Galop (1851)  J.P. Clarke (1808?-1877) 2:09
5. Favorite Toronto Air (ca. 1845) J. P. Clarke 3:14
6. The Monklands Polka (1849) J.-C. Brauneis, Jr. (1814-1871) 3:27
7. Mazurka caprice, Op. 190  (n.d.) C.W. Sabatier (1819-1862) 3:08
8. The Newfoundland Camp Gallopade (1853) H. C. Tillmann (d. 1862) 2:27
9. Scherzo (1862) R. O. Pelletier (1843-1927) 1:22
10. Scintillation (1863) Damis Paul (1827-1913) 3:50
11. La Comète (ca. 1874) Gustave Smith (1826-1896) 1:18
12. Air Savoyard (1884) Gustave Smith            2:34
13. Royal Canadian Lancers (1878) W. B. Bayley (1857-1939) 4:12
14. Shake Again Galop (1866) C. Lavallée (1849-1891) 3:05
15. Mouvement à la Pavane (1886)  Calixa Lavallée 2:23
16. Chant de voyageur (1887) Susie F. Harrison (1859-1935) 2:29
17. Joy and Grief (1888) George W. Strathy (1818-1890) 1:43
18. Modulation Sketch (1893) G. W. Strathy 4:39
19. The Aberdeen Waltzes (1894) F. J. H. Moore (fl. 1859-1906) 7:36
20. Happy Moments Gavotte (n.d.) C.A.E. Harris (1862-1929) 3:23
21. Marriage Bells (1887) C.A.E. Harris 2:17
22. Cave of the Winds (1902) R. Nathaniel Dett (1882-1943) 1:43
23. Raggity Rag (1907) J.-B. Lafrenière (c.1875-c.1911) 1:55
24. The Imperial Native March (1907) J. Nelson (fl. 1890-1915) 2:20
25. Chantecler March & Two Step (1910) Jeanne Delmar (fl. 1907-1919) 1:50
26. Some Rag (1910) Willie Eckstein (1888-1963) 2:07
27. The “Ottawa” Rag (pub. 1913) George E. Lynn (? -?) 1:54
  TOTAL TIMING: 76:06

CD 2: Developments to the End of WWI

1. Yvonne (1903) Alexis Contant (1858-1918)                     3:41
2. Wiegenlied (ca. 1889) W.O. Forsyth (1859-1937) 2:34
3. Evening Song (pub. 1896) W.O. Forsyth 1:24
4. Confession (pub. 1918) W.O. Forsyth 2:24
5. In the Vale of Shadowland (pub. 1922) W.O. Forsyth 2:44
6. Prelude (pub. 1929) W.O. Forsyth 1:39
Deux Mazurkas (1890) Clarence Lucas (1866-1947)  
7. Mazurka No. 1   2:40
8. Mazurka No. 2   3:49
Praeludium con Fuga (1898) Clarence Lucas  
9. Praeludium   1:22
10. Fuga   3:04
11. Valse Impromptu (1904) Clarence Lucas            4:48
12. Valse lente (1905) Clarence Lucas            1:59
13. Lullalo, An Irish Lullaby (1890) W. C. Barron (1864-1936) 3:35
14. Conversazione Gavotte (ca. 1896) J. Vézina (1869-1956) 3:38
15. Mazurka Sentimentale (1897) Arthur Letondal (1869-1956) 2:29
16. Fête des roses (pub. 1928) A. W. Hughes (1870-1950) 2:51
17. To Daffodils (pub. 1908) Edmund Hardy (1876-1946) 1:33
Deux Pièces de genre (pub. 1904) Henri Gagnon (1887-1961)  
18. 1: Chanson d'été: Barcarolle   1:35
19. II:  Badinage   1:53
20. Sérénade (pub. 1912) Léo Roy (1887-1974) 4:28
21. Chevauchée (1911)             Rodolphe Mathieu (1890-1962) 3:09
22. À l’Aurore (pub. 1915) Emiliano Renaud (1875-1932) 2:50
23. Souvenir (pub. 1931) Emiliano Renaud 2:58
24. Valse triste (pub. 1917)  Alberto Guerrero (1886-1959) 3:02
Prélude et Filigrane (1918) Claude Champagne (1891-1965)  
25. Prélude   1:18
26. Filigrane   2:50
27. Gavotte pompadour (n.d.) Georges-Émile Tanguay 2:39
  TOTAL TIMING: 75:11

CD 3: New Sounds to the End of WWII

Trois Pièces brèves (pub. 1921) Georges-Émile Tanguay (1893-1964)                   
1. I: Hommage à Couperin   2:05
2. II: Apaisement   0:59
3. III: Danseuses devant Aphrodite   1:31
Trois Preludes (pub. 1927) George M. Brewer (1889-1947)  
4. I:   1:09
5. II:   1:03
6. III:   1:02
Suite canadienne (pub. 1945)  Léo-Pol Morin (1892-1941)  
7. I: Rigaudon   5:03
8. II: Chanson   1:44
9. III: Gigue (Le vieux)               3:53
10. Lydia (1910) Henri Miro (1879-1950) 2:57
11. Scènes mauresques (1936) Henri Miro 8:57
Suite for Piano (1930s?) Leo Smith (1881-1952)  
12. I: In wistful mood   3:15
13. II: Modulation 1 into II   2:14
14. III: Modulation 2 into III   5:08
15. IV: Modulation 3 into IV   3:59
16. The Concertina (pub. 1942) Leo Smith 3:46
Sonatina (pub. 1943)   Robert Fleming (1921-1976)  
17. I: Lyrically and freely   3:42
18. II: Quickly and with spirit   2:54
 Sonatina No. 1 (pub. 1999) Violet Archer (1913-2000)  
19. I: Allegretto semplice   2:51
20. II: Lento pensieroso              3:20
21. III: Tempo di valse              1:31
22. IV: Allegretto Capriccioso   2:07
Two Pieces (1951-2) Glenn Gould (1932-1982)  
23. I:   2:46
24. II:   1:17
25.Scherzino (1953) Oskar Morawetz (1917-2007) 1:37
  TOTAL TIMING: 72:49

CD 4: Canada's Space in Sound

A Northern Legend (1957) Louis Applebaum (1918-2000)                  
1. I: Tundra   2:24
2. I: Rocks   2:10
3. III: Huskies   3:03
4. IV: Midnight Sun   2:53
Aegean Sketches (1961) Jean Coulthard (1908-2000)  
5. The Valley of the Butterflies   3:12
6. Wine Dark Sea   3:16
7. Legend of the Palace of Knossos   2:50
Aquarelles (1965/2002) Alain Gagnon (b. 1938)  
8. 1. Fantaisie   1:43
9. 2. Rêverie   1:54
10. 3. Caprice   1:21
11. 4. Toccatine   2:08
12. 5. Cortège   2:26
13. 6. Burlesque              1:15
14. 7. Dance   0:55
15. Cave Pools (1973) J. M. Gayfer (1916-1997) 6:26
16. Etude et fantaisie (1974) Rhené Jaque (1918-2006) 6:38
17. Intermezzo III: Grave (1984) Bengt Hambraeus (1928-2000) 1:56
18. Intermezzo (1986) Rachel Laurin (b. 1961) 1:46
19. Schoenberg versus Gershwin (1991) Eldon Rathburn (1916-2008) 2:36
20. Silver and Shadow (1994) Patrick Cardy (1953-2005) 7:00
March, March!: Four short pieces for piano (2001) 

John Beckwith (b. 1927)

 
21. 1. Distant Bugle, I   2:28
22. 2. Single File   1:31
23. 3. Distant Bugle, II   2:29
24. 4. Unfinished Rag   2:16
25. The Jack Pine (2010) Musique Jocelyn Morlock (b. 1969) 4:53
  TOTAL TIMING: 73:13



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